Neolithic Period in China

(~ 10,000 b.c. to 2,000 b.c.)

YangShan Culture

  LongShan Culture

Prehistory - Human cultures before writing


What is Neolithic Culture?
Neolithic cultures are distinguished from earlier Paleolithic and Mesolithic structures by the domestication of plants and animals, and extensive making and use of stone tools.

Neolithic cultures have been shown to have existed in southwest Asia as early as 8000 b.c. to 6000 b.c., and Neolithic cultures had existed around the globe by 1500 b.c. By 3500 b.c., Neolithic cultures in the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys in the Middle East had developed into Bronze Age urban civilizations.

Evidence from bone fragments shows that humans or proto-humans lived in the area of present-day China as far back as 200,000 to 500,000 years ago. Well defined neolithic cultures in this region began roughly 12,000 years ago. The presence of ceramics, most commonly vessels for food storage, and settled or semi-settled agriculture are the defining characteristics of neolithic cultures.

YangShao Culture Pottery

Archeology Page