Neolithic Period in China

(~ 10,000 b.c. to 2,000 b.c.)

YangShao Culture

  LongShan Culture

Prehistory - Human cultures before writing

 



What is Neolithic Culture?
Neolithic cultures are distinguished from earlier Paleolithic and Mesolithic structures by the domestication of plants and animals, and extensive making and use of stone tools.

Neolithic cultures have been shown to have existed in southwest Asia as early as 8000 b.c. to 6000 b.c., and Neolithic cultures had existed around the globe by 1500 b.c. By 3500 b.c., Neolithic cultures in the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys in the Middle East had developed into Bronze Age urban civilizations.

Evidence from bone fragments shows that humans or proto-humans lived in the area of present-day China as far back as 200,000 to 500,000 years ago. Well defined neolithic cultures in this region began roughly 12,000 years ago. The presence of ceramics, most commonly vessels for food storage, and settled or semi-settled agriculture are the defining characteristics of neolithic cultures.

Chronology
河姆渡文化
仰韶文化
大汶口文化
红山文化
马家窑文化
龙山文化

Hemudu Culture
Yangshao Culture
Dawenkou Culture
Hongshan Culture
Majiayao Culture
Longshan Culture

~9500-9330 years ago
~6950-4950 years ago
~6250-4350 years ago
~6000-5000 years ago
~5730-3950 years ago
~4350-3930 years ago

YangShao Culture Pottery
  • Storage jar - Yangshao culture

    During the early Neolithic period vessels were made using the coil technique where ropes of clay are circled on top of each other, pressed together and the surface smoothed over. To obtain the elegant shape, two halves were made then joined together while the clay was still damp. A mix of fine clay and natural pigments was painted onto the vessels and the entire surface was gently burnished to shine the surface. This is the earliest form of glazing.

  • 新石器时代仰韶文化 红陶猫头鹰头
  • 7cm 直径14.2cm
  • Yangshao culture of Neolithic age period, Red pottery of eagle head
  • 新石器时代仰韶文化 白衣彩陶钵
  • 21cm 口径21cm
  • Yangshao culture of Neolithic age period, Painted pottery bowl
  • 新石器时代仰韶文化 鱼纹彩陶盆
  • 17cm 口径31.5cm
  • Yangshao culture of Neolithic age period, Painted pottery basin
  • 新石器时代仰韶文化 彩陶双连壶
  • 20cm 口径6.5cm
  • Yangshao culture of Neolithic age period, Painted pottery ewer

    Source: http://www.artcn.net
    Click on photo for larger view.

LongShan Culture Pottery
  • 新石器时代龙山文化 黑陶壶
  • 12.1cm
  • Longshan culture of Neolithic age period, Black pottery ewer

    Source: http://www.artcn.net
    Click on photo for larger view.

References

Archeology Page