Map of the Silk Road - In Chinese
 Northern route - Westward to Black Sea
 Central route - Westward to Persia, Mediterranean Sea, Rome
 Southern route - Westward to Afghanistan, Iran, India
 Eastward to Sian
The location of the Dunhuang City is at the right side of the map.
Map of Northern China - In English
The location of the Dunhuan City is circled.